Old Trafford – The Stretford End – Click right to see some of British football best terraces… – The Stretford End is still a force to behold in its current two tiered seating incarnation, but back in the days of terracing, it was particularly special, accommodating around 20,000 fans 10 Stamford Bridge – The Shed End – Click right to see some of British football best terraces… – The old wall is all that remains of Chelseas Shed End at Stamford Bridge, with the stadium being completely rebuilt in the early 1990s 10 Scottish Premiership champions Celtic have this week been given permission to introduce safe standing at Parkhead.The Bhoys for rid of their old terracing along with other British football clubs in the 1990s and the ground became a 60,355 all-seater stadium in 1998.But now, thanks to approval from Glasgow City Council, who had already rejected two previous applications, Celtic have the go ahead to bring in a ‘rail seating area’ which will accommodate 2,600 fans from the 2016/17 season.So, with the news we’ll once again see standing at a top-flight British ground, talkSPORT takes a look at some of the classic terraces.Click through our gallery to see some of the best… From 2016/17 onwards a small section of the Parkhead faithful will be able to watch games in a safe standing section. Click right to see some of British football best and most iconic terraces from down the years… 10 Highbury – The North Bank – Click right to see some of British football best terraces… – Highburys North Bank was the terrace of choice for Arsenals most vocal supporters, unless you fancied standing next to the away fans in the Clock End 10 Roker Park – Fulwell End – Click right to see some of British football best terraces… – Sunderlands Roker Park is now long gone, but the memories of the Fulwell End terraces remain Maine Road – The Kippax – Click right to see some of British football best terraces… – Unusually, the Kippax, Manchester Citys most famous terrace at Maine Road, was at the side of the pitch rather than behind the goals. That’s the Kippax above, hosting rivals Man United and Oldham in the 1990 FA Cup semi-final 10 St James’ Park – The Gallowgate – For a particular generation of Newcastle supporters, the uncovered terraces of the Gallowgate End were the place to be at St James Park 10 10 10 10 10 Anfield – The Kop End – Click right to see some of British football best terraces… – Liverpools Kop End is so famous it is now often simply referred to as the Kop, and is arguably the most iconic of any terrace in world football White Hart Lane – The Shelf Side – Click right to see some of British football best terraces… – Tottenham supporters still remember the terraces of the old Shelf Side and the name lives on at the ground today, if not the standing Villa Park – The Holte End – Click right to see some of British football best terraces… – Villa Parks Holte End is another of the terraced areas to maintain some of its mythology since being converted to an all-seater stand. Pictured here is the Holte End hosting a 1990 FA Cup semi-final, with Crystal Palace defeating Liverpool
(Phys.org) — Despite having a reputation for valuing intellectual prowess over physical abilities, scientists are nonetheless just as competitive as anyone else. Evidence of it exists in various fields of science as suggested by the assorted prizes that are awarded for those who achieve firsts in their particular realm of research. Also always popular are virtual contests to see who can create the smallest thing, or the largest, on in the case of aerographite, the lightest. This latest champion has been produced by a team of researchers at the University of Kiel in Germany. It’s based on carbon nanotubes and is being heralded as the lightest solid ever created. Overview of different Aerographite morphologies by controlled derivations of synthesis. Image from Adv. Mater., 24: 3486-3490. Citation: New carbon nanotube struructure aerographite is lightest material champ (2012, July 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-07-carbon-nanotube-struructure-aerographite-lightest.html Previous champions, aerogel, and then metallic microlattice were praised in their day for not just being the lightest stuff around, but for being strong for its size as well. Aerographite beats them both in both categories. Not only is it less dense (0.2 milligrams per cubic centimeter compared to 0.9) but it’s stronger too, able to support over 40,000 times its own weight. And since it’s actually mostly air (99.99%) it can be crumpled down to almost nothing if need be because it will spring back to its originally shape without prodding. Because the new champion is four times lighter than the previous champ, researchers will be busy looking for applications for it. The current hope is that because it’s a good conductor of electricity, it can be used as an electrode in new kinds of batteries or perhaps in supercapacitors.The researchers created the new material by implementing a new kind of single-step CVD synthesis process based on freely adjustable networks using zinc oxide as a template, which in essence means, they found a new way to make the graphite grow in ways that develop into very thin strand hollow carbon nanotube structures that hold together to form a new kind of material.Interestingly, the team says that if enough of the material were made to allow it to be seen by the naked eye, which they say they can do, it would appear as a black clump of sponge-like material. They also note that they didn’t start out trying to invent a new material but found it came naturally as part of their research into three-dimensionally cross-linked carbon structures. Explore further More information: Mecklenburg, M., Schuchardt, A., Mishra, Y. K., Kaps, S., Adelung, R., Lotnyk, A., Kienle, L. and Schulte, K. (2012), Aerographite: Ultra Lightweight, Flexible Nanowall, Carbon Microtube Material with Outstanding Mechanical Performance. Adv. Mater., 24: 3486–3490. doi: 10.1002/adma.201200491AbstractAn ultra lightweight carbon microtube material called Aerographite is synthesized by a novel single-step chemical vapor deposition synthesis based on ZnO networks, which is presently the lightest known material with a density smaller than μg/cm3. Despite its low density, the hierarchical design leads to remarkable mechanical, electrical, and optical properties. The first experiments with Aerographite electrodes confirm its applicability. U.S. team creates diamond aerogel in lab by emulating Mother Nature © 2012 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.