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Caught between Old Habits and Democratic Strides : Romanian Press at a Crossroads

first_img On the eve of the expansion of the European Union, Reporters Without Borders is publishing a report on the state of press freedom in Romania, which hopes to join the EU in 2007. But amidst all the attempts to manipulate information, self-censorship, pressures, and assaults-fourteen years after the collapse of Nicolae Ceausescu’s regime-Romanian journalists are still finding it difficult to freely carry on their work. News Organisation News RSF_en Romania: In an open letter, RSF and ActiveWatch denounce judicial pressures on investigative journalists following a complaint from a Bucharest district mayor Even as the European Union (EU) prepares to welcome ten new Member States which have managed to achieve their democratic transition, Romania-scheduled to join the EU in 2007-is struggling to meet the criteria for membership. Having made press freedom a core issue in the negotiations, the European Commission and the Parliament recently issued severe warnings to the Romanian government.Alarmed by a sudden increase in the number of assaults on investigative journalists in the provinces and by the growing problems confronting the press, Reporters Without Borders dispatched a delegation to Romania where, from 24 March to 1 April 2004, they gathered testimony from numerous journalists and met with local and national authorities.In its investigative report entitled “Caught between Old Habits and Democratic Strides: Romanian Press at a Crossroads” the organisation reveals that-fourteen years after the collapse of Nicolae Ceausescu’s regime-the status of press freedom in that country is still unsatisfactory. Reporters Without Borders exposes a very alarming situation in the provinces, where the media’s independence is being hindered by the conflicts of interest of their owners, who are trying to protect their economic and political interests. The few remaining investigative journalists are truly facing a dangerous situation. Four among them, who were inquiring into corruption cases involving local politicians and businessmen, were brutally assaulted in 2003. Nationally, the organisation reports attempts to manipulate information within the state-owned media, especially on the national radio, and deplores the lack of pluralism in the audiovisual sector. The authorities, very anxious to preserve their reputation, both domestically and internationally, do not appreciate criticism from the press. In this context, Romanian journalists submit to a very strong self-censorship on the most sensitive topics, such as corruption, international adoption issues, or the status of Romania’s bid for membership in the EU. Reporters Without Borders has sent recommendations not only to the European, national and local authorities, but also to the press, urging Romania to conform without delay to the European standards respecting press freedom, so that it may prevent this year-a crucial one in Romania’s race for EU membership and involving a heavy electoral schedule-from becoming a high-risk period for the country’s most critical journalists. April 29, 2004 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Caught between Old Habits and Democratic Strides : Romanian Press at a Crossroads Receive email alerts December 2, 2020 Find out more May 26, 2021 Find out more Ten RSF recommendations for the European Union News to go further Related documents Rapport_Roumanie_GB-2.pdfPDF – 232.93 KB – Read the report- Dowload the report : Help by sharing this information News RomaniaEurope – Central Asia RomaniaEurope – Central Asia Follow the news on Romania RSF and 60 other organisations call for an EU anti-SLAPP directive November 23, 2020 Find out morelast_img read more

Drewry: Expansion of Container Terminals in the Doldrums

first_imgContainer terminal capacity expansion in the next five years has fallen to not much more than 10% of existing capacity, the lowest proportion ever, according to shipping consultancy Drewry.The key factors impacting investment in new projects are lower returns on investments and increasing risks from both the industrial and geopolitical perspectives.The prospects are relatively subdued following several years of under investment, particularly in greenfield projects.“Bottom-up capacity projections on a terminal-by-terminal basis present a conservative picture, with global container port capacity projected to increase by around 125 million TEU by 2022, a growth rate of just over 2% per annum. This is well below projected demand and reflects the cautious investor sentiment towards greenfield projects over the last few years. As a result, average utilisation levels are expected to rise markedly across almost all regions of the world by 2022,” Drewry said.The figure compares to 2003 and 2009, when there was around 125 million TEU of new port capacity in the pipeline – the same amount as there is now, but the market was much smaller then.Greenfield projects are a key part of the industry’s capacity expansion activity, but they are more risky than expansion of existing terminals which already has a customer base and market.  According to Drewry, the number of greenfield projects in the 5-year pipeline has fallen markedly from 134 in 2009 to just 83 currently. In addition, speaking of capacity, there is a trend of building larger terminals driven by rise in vessel sizes and forging of liner alliances.In 2009, this was around 470,000 TEU per project. By 2013 this had risen to over 800,000 teu per project, suggesting that the trend was for larger terminals. In Africa and the Middle East/South Asia, greenfield projects represent a fairly high uplift on the current regional capacity figure with 22 and 14 percent respectively of greenfield project capacity being added by 2022 comparing percentage of 2017.In other world regions, greenfield projects represent a very small capacity increase over the current totals – only around 3% in Asia and North America and less than 2% in Europe.“However, the worrying statistic from the 2018 projection is that the average capacity addition per project has fallen to around 650,000 TEU. This suggests that investors are most cautious about the largest terminal projects, and that the focus, for what greenfield projects there are, is on smaller facilities. This is understandable, but it is not necessarily what the market wants or needs,” Drewry said.“More projects will need to be brought forward, but the returns from investing in the sector are reducing and the risks increasing. It remains to be seen if the traditional players will be prepared to respond, especially in these highly uncertain times for world trade, or whether going forwards, new types of investors will be needed by the industry.“Something has to change if the industry is to avoid problems in the coming years.”last_img read more

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